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dc:abstract ABSTRACT Elephant seals resting on land show an irregular breathing pattern that combines periods of eupnea and apnea. In this article we describe ontogenetic changes in the breathing pattern and in the associated cardiac response in resting pups and weanlings of the southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina. Apnea duration and the percentage of time spent in apnea were positively correlated with age: mean apnea length was greater in weanlings than in pups, with weanlings holding their breath for up to 8.7 min. Apnea length was not correlated with the duration of preceding or subsequent eupneas. The heart rate of pups and weanlings on land followed the pattern of bradycardia during apnea and tachycardia during eupnea. Young weanlings had a significantly smaller decrease in heart rate during apnea than older weanlings (28% vs. 36%). The instantaneous heart rate response to breathing changed from a variable to a regular pattern. These results suggest that the control processes that modulate the physiological cardiorespiratory changes necessary for diving start to develop on land during the first 11 wk of life. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 72(1):64–70. 1999.
dc:creator VALERIA FALABELLA, MIRTHA LEWIS, CLAUDIO CAMPAGNA
prism:doi <http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/316637>
dc:format PDF
prism:publicationDate 1999 (xsd:gYear)
dc:references <http://linkeddata.cenpat-conicet.gob.ar/resource/platform/AANC>
dc:title DEVELOPMENT OF CARDIORESPIRATORY PATTERNS ASSOCIATED WITH TERRESTRIAL APNEAS IN FREE-RANGING SOUTHERN ELEPHANT SEALS
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rdf:type fabio:JournalArticle

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